Jalapeno pepper is one of the most widely used chilies in the world, widely used in Mexican cuisine, it is particularly appreciated for its aphrodisiac power and its moderately spicy taste, its degree of spiciness is not very high, it ranges from 2,500 and 8,000 SHU although some varieties reach 15,000 SHU.
The fruits of this plant are between 2 and 4 inches (5-10 cm) long and 0.8-1.5 inches (2-4 cm) wide and have an elongated croissant shape with a round base, their color varies from green to dark red when ripe. They can be harvested at any time depending on your taste or the use you want to make, leaving them to mature, the color will tend to red, the flavor will be sweeter and the fruit will have a greater spiciness.
The pulp of the fruit, rich in seeds, is distributed on the walls, for this reason, one of the favorite recipes for those who love these chilies are the stuffed Jalapeno.
The Jalapeno plant reaches a maximum of 23 inches (60 cm) in height, however, it tends to enlarge and occupy space, it is therefore recommended, if possible, to transplant the plant in soil with more space, however, it is still possible to grow the Jalapeno in pot.
The Jalapeno flower is white, very large and with 5/6 petals.
The existing varieties of Jalapeno are very different, each has its peculiarities, there is Purple, Jumbo, Early, and many others.
HOW TO CULTIVATE THE MEXICAN JALAPENO CHILI?
Compared to other types of cultivation, growing Jalapeno is a fairly simple procedure. That does not require high temperatures and adapts easily to the climate.
To grow Jalapeno in pots, choose a fairly large container, with a diameter of 8-17 inches (20-40 cm). It would be the ideal and identical measure as regards depth.
The ideal soil for Jalapeno must be light, draining and rich in nutrients. It is preferable not to fertilize the soil, know that nitrogen favors the growth of the plant but can reduce fruit production. Sulfur instead promotes the growth of fruits with an intense taste. If you choose to fertilize the soil, do this before decanting.
The soil pH should be between 5.5-6.5 for better growth. Jalapeno can be grown both in sandy and earthy soil, mix it with clay to increase drainage.
When you see the first leaves, transplant the plant into larger pot and move the pot to a illuminated place.
For repotting, choose a well-watered soil and compress it well over the roots once decanted.
Rotate the pot often, so that both the fruits and the plant do not grow crooked in the direction of the sun